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“Over the course of the millennia, all these ancestors in your tree, generation upon generation, have come down to this moment in time—to give birth to you. There has never been, nor will ever be, another like you. You have been given a tremendous responsibility. You carry the hopes and dreams of all those who have gone before. Hopes and dreams for a better world. What will you do with your time on this Earth? How will you contribute to the ongoing story of humankind?” ~ Laurence Overmire

Cousins Removed

Posted by Tonya Keitt Kalule

For so long I had the cousin relationships all wrong. I had heard of this cousin 1st removed thing, but never really knew what it meant.  It is really not a complicated thing, but most people don't use it in general conversation. Since I am working on my family's history and the vast number of people that are connected, it is important for me to understand the exact relationships between them.  It is still quite awkward to say, because it doesn't seem to roll off the tongue to easily, but it is what it is and I want everyone to know and understand how these relationships actually work.


First Cousins - are those that have the same grandparents.

Second Cousin - those who have the same great grandparents but not necessarily the same grandparents.

Third, Fourth, Fifth Cousins -  3rd cousins have the same great-great grandparents; 4th cousins have the same great-great-great grandparents,; and so on.

Removed -  When the word removed is used to describe a relationship, it indicates that two people are from two different generations.  You and your first cousins are in the same generation (two generations younger than your grandparents) so the word removed is not used to described this relationship.  The words 'once removed' means that there is a difference of one generation
For example; your mothers first cousin is in the same generation as your mother, but one generation from you, so that means that your mother's first cousin is your first cousin once removed. Your mother's first cousin is your child's first cousin twice removed, because they are two generations from your  mother and her first cousin.



Below there is a chart that gives you a better understanding.   The instructions for using using this chart is as follows:
  1. Pick two people in your family and figure out wich ancestor they have in common and their relationship each have two that ancestor.
  2. Look across the top of the chart to find the first person's relationship to the common ancestor.
  3. Look at the far left column to find the 2nd person's relationship to the common ancestor.
  4. Going across and down you will find where the two rows meet, this gives you the relationship of these two people.





Grand-

parents
G-

Grand-

parents
GG-

Grand-

parents
GGG-

Grand-

parents
GGGG-

Grand-

parents
Grand-

parents
1st cousins 1st cousins

1x removed
1st cousins

2x removed
1st cousins

3x removed
1st cousins

4x removed
G-

Grand-

parents
1st cousins

1x removed
2nd cousins 2nd cousins

1x removed
2nd cousins

2x removed
2nd cousins

3x removed
GG-

Grand-

parents
1st cousins

2x removed
2nd cousins

1x removed
3rd cousins 3rd cousins

1x removed
3rd cousins

2x removed
GGG-

Grand-

parents
1st cousins

3x removed
2nd cousins

2x removed
3rd cousins

1x removed
4th cousins 4th cousins

1x removed
GGGG-

Grand-

parents
1st cousins

4x removed
2nd cousins

3x removed
3rd cousins

2x removed
4th cousins

1x removed
5th cousins

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